This painting depicts an assortment of choice fruit – purple grapes with waxy bloom, a mottled pear, an orange, a Lombard plum, a velvety peach, and a crisp Baldwin apple – artfully arranged on a highly-polished tabletop. The composition is centered by the luscious orange, broken open and presented in a manner reminiscent of an anatomical fruit specimen, a bravura tactic that allowed the artist to fully exhibit his proficiency. The disparate textures of the pebbled orange skin, soft pith, and fuzzy central core are realistically captured, as is light, playing off the transparent, veined membrane that protects the juicy flesh of each segment. Chapin has erroneously been credited with introducing the open orange to the Fall River School; in fact, Robert Spear Dunning (1829-1905) depicted the fruit in this manner in his earliest works, long before Chapin began his career as an artist.
In this painting and indicative of changing fashion, Chapin substituted the elaborate, deeply carved Victorian table edges favored earlier in his career with a plain one, lending this piece a more contemporary feel.